FDA warning about Fresh (Unpasturized) Fruit Juices

  • T04-46 Media Inquiries: 301-827-6242
    October 29, 2004 Consumer Inquiries: 888-INFO-FDA

    FDA Warns Consumers About Risks
    Associated With Unpasteurized Juice

    The Food and Drug Administration today reminded consumers of the dangers
    associated with drinking unpasteurized fruit and vegetable juices. This
    warning follows reports that the New York State Departments' of Health and
    Agriculture and Markets, and local health departments in northern New York
    are investigating a recent foodborne disease outbreak possibly linked to the
    consumption of unpasteurized apple cider.
    Under FDA regulations, most juice processors are required to use Hazard
    Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) principles to increase the
    protection of consumers from illness-causing microbes and other hazards in
    juices. But not all juice that consumers purchase comes from a facility for
    which HACCP is required.
    In light of this outbreak, FDA would like to remind consumers that there are
    health risks associated with drinking juice or cider that has not been
    treated in any way to kill harmful bacteria. Such products may be sold in
    bottles or by the glass in supermarkets, at farmers markets, at roadside
    stands, or in some juice bars. Untreated products that are sold in bottles
    are generally displayed on ice or in refrigerated cases and are required to
    carry the following warning statement on their label:
    WARNING: This product has not been pasteurized and therefore, may contain
    harmful bacteria that can cause serious illness in children, the elderly,
    and persons
    with weakened immune systems.
    Untreated products that are fresh squeezed and sold by the glass are not
    required to carry the warning label statement.
    FDA advises consumers that, when in doubt, look for this warning statement
    on bottled juice and ask if fresh squeezed juice has been treated in a way
    to kill bacteria.
    Consumers who do not wish to risk illness from consumption of raw juices
    should not drink unpateurized juices. If you cannot determine if a juice has
    been processed to destroy harmful bacteria, either don't drink it or bring
    it to a boil in an open container to kill any harmful bacteria that may be
    For additional information visit, http://www.cfsan.fda.gov.